The Four Step Writing Process

Have you ever spent hours staring at a blank page or writing, only to realise your draft doesn’t achieve its purpose? This four-step process provides a framework for staying on track when writing any document, including letters, emails and reports.


 

1. Planning

Planning is the most important and often underutilised step in the writing process. It can take anywhere from five minutes to 50 minutes or more, depending on the task. To plan effectively, ask yourself four simple questions:

  • Why am I writing this document (what is its purpose)?
  • Who will be reading this?
  • What information do I need to convey?
  • How should I present my message?

To get your ideas down on paper, try using a brainstorming tool such as a mind map or flowchart.

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2. Writing the Draft

The second step is concerned with layout, format and structure of the content, and development of your message. If you planned properly, you’ve given yourself a head start! Your document must flow logically and be concise enough to engage readers, but not so brief that it skips important details.

A standard format for developing your messages:

 

Introduction

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Body

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Conclusion

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With the rise of plain English, business writing has become more simple and direct. When you edit, remember it is ok – and often best – to use common, shorter words and minimise jargon.

A framework you can work from when writing any type of document.